Mitigation is the process of reducing or avoiding damage caused by an impact, hazard, or event. A mitigation system is the practice of water damage removal and restoration in order to protect human life and property from serious risks.
There are a number of different types of water mitigation systems:
Flood Control System: This system is used to reduce the amount of water that flows downstream. Flood control systems can be divided into two categories: natural and artificial.
Natural Flood Control Systems: It involves the use of dams, reservoirs, and other devices to reduce the amount of water that flows downstream. These systems are usually effective when it comes to controlling flooding, but they can also have negative environmental impacts.
Artificial Flood Control Systems: It involves the construction of channels and levees. These systems are often more effective than natural flood control systems at controlling flooding, but they can also have negative environmental consequences.
Groundwater Drainage: This system is used to remove excess water from underground reservoirs. Groundwater drainage systems can be divided into two categories: open-channel and closed-channel.
Open-Channel Groundwater Drainage Systems: Rely on gravity to pull water out of the reservoir. This system is often less expensive than closed-channel groundwater drainage systems, but it has limitations in terms of how much water the system can remove per hour.
Closed-Channel Groundwater Drainage Systems: It uses a pump to remove the water from the reservoir. This system is less expensive than other systems, but pumps are noisy and can be more difficult to install properly.