Many countries, both developing and developed, now employ strategic management to manage their government affairs. Public organizations exist to create public value. The best way to define what is public value is the people who will be creating it.
Participation is a sign of alienation and can lead to the end of a project or program's relevance and sustainability. If you want to learn to know more about the topic then you can visit www.thereputationpeople.com/services/stakeholder-engagement-plan.
Governance comes from the need to manage relationships. While we cannot all be leaders or decision-makers, good governance requires that all interests and concerns be considered. Participation by key stakeholders in major programmes and projects should be an ongoing way to validate the mandate that brought governments to power.
To ensure the achievement of set goals and objectives, key stakeholders must be involved at all stages. It's not enough to plan, spend money, execute all activities, and deliver the expected outputs. The most important measure of success is the achievement or creation of the intended public benefit.
To avoid over-provisioning and wasting time, key stakeholders must be included at all stages of the strategic planning process. Many developing countries' experiences before the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals in 2000 is a good example.